Jung Archetypes and Tarot

Emperor - William LiArchetypes of the Tarot
By Graidi Taylor-Rose, 2009

An archetype can be broadly defined as a type of person or behaviour; they can be further divided into two sub categories. The first, stereotypes, refer to one type of personality or behaviour being observed many times and routinely applied (this tends to happen with teenagers and young people), and the second, epitomes, refer to the exemplification of a personality or behaviour.

By applying archetypes to the cards of the Major Arcana (the first 22 cards of the Tarot pack), Jung believed they could aid in finding solutions to the situation being discussed.

Brief History of the Tarot

In legend, the Tarot is the oldest book known to mankind. Originally, each card comprised chapters in the Book of Thoth (the ancient Egyptian God of wisdom and knowledge). When Egypt began to crumble, Thoth transferred the knowledge onto a set of 22 tablets using symbols instead of words.

The tablets were discovered by a band of gypsies who transferred the information from them onto 22 cards, which became the Major Arcana.

Archetypes of the Tarot

The following is a list of archetypes that can be applied to the Tarot:

The Fool

Symbolism: Innocence and wonder.
Archetype: The Child.

The Magician

Symbolism: Magic and power.
Archetype: The Trickster.

The High Priestess

Symbolism: Intuition
Archetype: The Anima — the unconscious female element of the male.

The Empress
The Empress, with her swollen belly and nature imagery is easily identified as The Mother.

Symbolism: Nature and fertility.
Archetype: The Mother.

The Emperor
The Emperor is a stern, authoritarian father.

Symbolism: Masculine authority and power.
Archetype: The Father and the Hero.

The Hierophant
The Hierophant can simultaneously be identified as a Wise Men as he relates to wisdom and knowledge.

Symbolism: Guidance or a teacher.
Archetype: The Wise Old Man.

The Lovers

Symbolism: Lover and union of opposites.
Archetypes: The Soul or both the Anima and Animus (the male element of the female).

The Chariot

Symbolism: Hard work and victory.
Archetype: The Warrior.

Justice

Symbolism: Balance and justice.
Archetype: Justice.

The Hermit
The Hermit can simultaneously be identified as a Wise Men as he relates to wisdom and knowledge.

Symbolism: Wisdom
Archetype: Another Wise Old Man!

The Wheel of Fortune

Symbolism: Change, moving in circles.
Archetype: Fate and Destiny.

Strength

Symbolism: Determination.
Archetype: Endurance.

The Hanged Man

Symbolism: Necessary sacrifice.
Archetype: Sacrifice.

Death

Symbolism: Change, transition.
Archetype: Rebirth

Temperance

Symbolism: Moderation.
Archetype: The Union of Opposites.

The Devil

Symbolism: Being trapped.
Archetype: The Trickster, or sexual energy.

The Tower

Symbolism: Chaos, unwanted change.
Archetype: Chaos.

The Star

Symbolism: Hope and the spirit.
Archetype: The Star.

The Moon

Symbolism: Emotions.
Archetype: The Moon — linked with dreams.

The Sun

Symbolism: Joy.
Archetype: The Sun.

Judgement

Symbolism: Judgement and completion.
Archetype: Evaluation and reward.

The World

Symbolism: Fulfillment.
Archetype: Satisfaction, wholeness.

For a more comprehensive explanation of Jung’s Archetypes in the Tarot, read Jung and tarot: An archetypal journey by S. Nichols.

 

Source: https://suite101.com/a/archetypes-of-the-tarot-a88638

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