Tummo (Tibetan: gtum-mo; Sanskrit: caṇḍālī) is a form of Yoga, found in the Six Yogas of Naropa, Lamdre, Kalachakra and Anuyoga teachings of Tibetan Vajrayana. Tummo originally derives from Indian Vajrayana tradition, including the instruction of the Mahasiddha Krishnacarya and the Hevajra Tantra. The purpose of tummo is to gain control over body processes during the completion stage of ‘highest yoga tantra’ (Anuttarayoga Tantra) or Anuyoga.
Tummo is a Tibetan word, literally meaning fierce [woman]. Tummo is a Tibetan word for inner fire. Tummo may also be rendered in English approximating its phonemic enunciation as ‘Dumo’.
The channels do not exist in the way they are visualized during Vajrayana practice. For example, during a deity visualization, the physical human body is visualized as completely hollow, made of light and has no internal organs. Furthermore different systems have different visualizations. In actuality, the “center channel” (dbu ma or avadhuti) is the whole arterial system, or more specifically the aorta. The two “side channels” are the venous system (roma or rasanā) and the spinal column and nervous system (rkyang ma or lalanā). A chakra is any place in the body where there are clusters of arteries, veins and nerves.
After familiarity in trul khor, there is the practice of tummo. In the practice of tummo, the visualization of lower ends to the three channels is primarily used to focus body awareness in the subnavel area. Breath retention, mulabandha and uddiyana bandha force vāyu (wind, air) and ojas into the arterial system. The heart rate slows, the karmic winds suspend and the venous blood returns less impurities into the blood stream. This leads to longevity. Ojas itself has two stores within the body—the heart and brain. Thus there is the visualization of blazing and dripping. When the vāyu moves very little, that is considered subtle mind. This is because the mind is inexorably linked to the winds, or even considered synonymous with the winds. Sutrayana has no comparable methods to reduce the movement of vāyu to a significant extent.
Kundalini and tummo
Miranda Shaw clarifies:
Kuṇḍalinī-yoga offered a range of techniques to harness the powerful psycho-physical energy coursing through the body… Most people simply allow the energy to churn in a cauldron of chaotic thoughts and emotions or dissipate the energy in a superficial pursuit of pleasure, but a yogi or yogini consciously accumulates and then directs it for specified purposes. This energy generates warmth as it accumulates and becomes an inner fire or inner heat (candālī) that [potentially] burns away the dross of ignorance and ego-clinging.
Numerous non-buddhist tantras of the Shakta and Shaiva traditions (generally termed Hindu by westerners) speak of Kundalini, which is generally described as a coiled energy at the base of the spine, at the first chakra.
Kurt Keutzer (2002) discusses the Kundalini yoga, Vajrayana, Nath Sampradaya, Mahasiddha and Milarepa:
Kundalini yoga in the Natha Sampradaya and Vajrayana in Tibetan Buddhism both take their origin from the Mahasiddhas who were active in India from the 8th century to the 12th century. Kundalini yoga practices formed the core of the teachings of a number of these Mahasiddhas and are strongly represented in both Tibetan Buddhist practices and contemporary kundalini yoga practices. Kundalini yoga was spoken of as “Candali yoga” by these Mahasiddhas and became known as gTummo rnal ‘byor in Tibet. Candali yoga was a key practice of the famous Tibetan yogin Milarepa.
Modern western witnesses of this practice include the adventurer Alexandra David-Néel (David-Néel, 1971), Lama Anagarika Govinda (Govinda, 1988), and anthropologist Dr. John Crook. Dr Arya (2006) in discussing the winds (Tibetan: rLung) states that historically: “The rLung practitioner (yogi) uses special colors of clothes to improve the power of the Tummo fire.”
Dr Arya (2006) also states:
The psychic heat Drod is produced by the space particles and the heat manifested from the friction of the wind element. This is another fundamental element as it supports and gives power to the consciousness, like the power of the fire that can launch rockets to space. The power is called medrod or ‘digestion fire’ in medicine and Tummo in yoga tantra. The heat (fire) sustains life and protects the body/mind. The psychic fire increases the wisdom, burns the ignorant mind of the brain and gives realization and liberation from the darkness of unawareness. That is why yoga describes Tummo as the aggressive fire which ignites from below navel, pierces the chakras one by one and reaches the sky of the crown chakra. The tummo burning arrow married with the celestial bride leads to enjoy the life of transformation of samsara. They give birth to the son of awareness from the blissful garden of Vajrayogini.
Tummo Meditation Technique
ONE OF THE BEST MEDITATION TECHNIQUE AND A TYPE OF TANTRIC YOGA, i.e., TUMMO:
Tummo is an ancient Tibetan monk meditation technique, a type of tantric yoga, residing in the Himalayas where they increase the temperature of their body up to 17 degrees. They do it to burn the thousands of evil thoughts which crosses our mind and to redirect the thought process to constructive one. They practice it by drying three wet clothes placed in their bare body with outside freezing temperature.
WHO THESE PEOPLE ARE WHO PRACTICES THIS MEDITATION TECHNIQUE:
In the Kagyu Tradition of Buddhism (Tibetan), there are six types of Yogas of Naropa and Tummo is one of them. It is the meditation of inner heat and it is practiced to control the subtle body and perform the higher yogas and this tantric yoga is practiced in Tibet by the Buddhist monk.
WHY TUMMO MEDITATION TECHNIQUE IS PRACTICED:
This Tummo meditation is based on the ancient tantric teachings and the teachings are based on the common belief that we as a human beings are born with free flowing energy and we waste it by worrying about different sorts of things in our daily life. So, instead of worrying Tummo meditation is practiced to concentrate and burn all those worrying thoughts and keep our mind and body healthy. So, it is basically channelize all those worrying energy into productive ones.
HOW TUMMO MEDITATION TECHNIQUE IS PRACTICED:
Tummo is basically a breathing technique. We need to sit in a mat with your legs crossed over one another and with your hands placed over the knees. Then close your eyes, try to concentrate by kicking out all the thoughts out of your minds which are emerging from various directions. When we breath, the noticeable movements happens in our bowel, i.e., it comes up and down. So, concentrate on the movement of the bowel during the inhaling and exhaling periods. Slowly then start coming up and concentrate on your nose and feel the breath while inhaling and exhaling. Once you are able to concentrate without any straying thoughts, imagine your body as a hollow balloon and visualize that a hot lamp is placed at the center of that hollow balloon discharging heat. Slowly, your body will start heating up.
NOTE: IT WILL TAKE TIME STILL YOU MASTER THIS TANTRIC TECHNIQUE AND START GENERATING HEAT.
LIVE EXAMPLE OF THIS TUMMO MEDITATION TECHNIQUE:
There is a man named Wim Hof got the nickname if Iceman for his extreme capacity of bearing with cold. He first ran barefooted in the Artic and has now aimed for the Antartica. He has 18 world records in his name from bearing different kinds of cold including longest ice bath by staying immersed in ice for 1 hour, 13 minutes, and 48 seconds. He often challenges his body to the extreme when it comes to bear cold. He attempted to climb mount Everest by wearing only shorts and nothing else. He has proven the world that with Tummo meditation and practicing it religiously and judiciously one can do the unimaginable.
WHAT ARE THE HEALTH BENEFITS OF THIS KIND OF TUMMO MEDITATION:
There are multiple benefits of doing Tummo meditation.
1. It gives you unimaginable power to fight with cold as Iceman has proven.
2. It is said that it clears any kind of plaques forms inside our artery or vein, that is it keeps our heart healthy.
3. Being basically a breathing technique, it keeps our lungs healthy.
4. It improves concentration.
5. It improves memory power.
6. It makes your more calm and composed besides other health benefits of being yoga.